What Does a Carpenter Do?
Whether you’re building a structure, installing cabinets, or repairing doors, carpentry is a trade that uses wood to create a variety of products. These include furniture, cabinets, window frames, molding, and other interior jobs. The materials used are often fastened together with nails or screws. Other tools carpenters use are hammers, awls, and other hand tools. These tools allow them to measure and cut wood. They may also help move machinery and equipment.
Carpenters are skilled workers who understand the whole process of construction. They are employed on job sites from start to finish. They are responsible for ensuring that the work is done correctly. They often work alongside specialist subcontractors. In addition to being able to lift heavy lumber, carpenters have an eye for detail. Depending on the job, they may need to use a variety of tools and materials.
Most carpenters work full time. They may work nights or weekends to meet deadlines. During economic downturns, the number of job openings for carpenters decreases. However, those with an all-around skill set are better able to find steady work. They can also experience slowdowns during the winter months.
The most commonly used tools in carpentry are hammers, awls, screwdrivers, and other hand tools. They also need to understand the correct tool to use for the job. For example, using a blade that is too wide can damage screws. Flat-head screwdrivers are a good choice for most projects. In addition, longer shanks help carpenters to gain more torque.
Carpentry skills are learned through an apprenticeship. A typical four-year apprenticeship includes technical instruction at a college and on-the-job training. After completing the program, trainees receive a Certificate of Proficiency and a Certificate of Qualification. They may also earn additional certifications, which entail additional responsibilities. For instance, a carpenter may be certified to build a concrete formwork for a pour. A carpenter with a pump work certification is a person who builds pumps and high-torque bolts. A scaffold building certification indicates that the carpenter has the ability to erect a scaffold.
While many carpenters are trained in high school programs, there are also formal carpentry training courses offered in high schools and online classes. This allows younger people to learn the trade while earning a nationally recognized certification. There are also seminars that offer more in-depth training for carpenters.
Some carpenters specialize in a particular type of carpentry, such as cabinetmaking or scenic carpentry. They may build elaborate sets for the film industry. They also specialize in the construction of mantels and molding. Some also specialize in tunnel bracing. They can build other structures, such as pergolas or staircases.
During the Industrial Revolution of the 18th century, a mechanism was developed to produce cut nails. It changed the way the housing and construction industries worked. This innovation led to the invention of the balloon framing system. In addition, new carpenter tools were developed and improved.
In the UK, the construction industry trains carpenters through apprenticeship schemes. They are usually assigned to a union carpentry crew and are given a graded curriculum to follow. Those who complete the program can be certified as a journeyperson. They can also earn additional certifications, including a high-torque bolting certification and a scaffold building certification.