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The Basics of Tree Pruning
Tree pruning is a great way to maintain the health of your tree. It can also help you create a stronger and more attractive tree. With proper pruning, you can train your tree to grow on your terms. When you prune a tree, you remove dead, diseased and broken branches, and replace them with healthy ones. This can help you improve the appearance of your tree, as well as make it more resistant to pests and diseases.

There are many different techniques for pruning. Depending on the goals of the tree, you may need to reduce its height or spread, or you may need to prune its crown. If you want to learn more about pruning, you can visit a certified arborist, who will be able to guide you through the process.

There are four common methods of tree pruning. These include crown thinning, crown reduction, crown cleaning, and crown raising. Each of these approaches involves the crown of the tree, and all have their benefits. Crown thinning helps to reduce the overall density of the tree, while crown reduction encourages new growth and enhances sunlight penetration. Crown raising clears your view of the tree by raising the bottom edge of its limbs. The method is particularly effective on mature trees.

A tree’s crown is essential to its photosynthesis. A properly thinned crown will have more strength against wind damage than a tree with no pruning. In addition, pruning allows sunlight to reach all parts of the tree, and encourages more fruit production.

The most common tree pruning technique is thinning. Thinning the crown of a tree removes selected limbs to the point where they meet the main trunk. This will reduce stress on the limbs and stimulate the growth of new branches. However, thinning is sometimes unnecessary. You can use a heading cut to stimulate new growth instead. Heading cuts can damage older trees, but they can have the opposite effect on young trees.

Branch pruning should be performed at a 45-degree angle, because it can prevent water and disease damage. Cutting a limb at too steep an angle can kill a bud. Another benefit of this approach is that it avoids damaging the bark.

When pruning a young tree, you should remove any rubbing limbs and suckers. Suckers are vigorous shoots that develop from the trunk. Suckers should be removed from the base of the tree, or from large interior limbs. Fast-growing suckers should be cut back to laterals on at least one third of the diameter of the limbs being removed.

For a young tree, it is best to make evenly spaced branches. To achieve this, you should make heading cuts at a 45-degree angle, sloping away from the lateral bud. Make the first cut 18 inches up the underside of the branch. Be careful not to cut the lateral too much, as it will break in between the first and second cuts.

You should also remove all laterals below the new leader. This is especially important if the tree is a shade tree. Some flowering trees bleed sap when they are pruned.

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